In this newly published review, authors address the geographic distribution of the human-infecting Babesia spp., their phylogenetic relationship, and their tick vector worldwide. Authors found that the number of human Babesiosis cases appearing in the literature has increased exponentially in the last 10 years, with the US leading the world in reported case numbers.
Other Tick-Borne Diseases
Meat allergy caused by the bite of the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum. The tick’s saliva triggers immune response to a carbohydrate, alpha-gal, found in red meat. Although eating red meat is the most common allergic trigger to alpha-gal, ingredients found in everyday products such as dairy, gelatin, soap, cosmetics, lotions, household products, and […]
Scott et al., reports the first detection of Babesia odocoilei in humans with Babesiois symptoms. This adds to the list of several Babesia species worldwide that are pathogenic to humans.
Babesiosis is a Malaria-like illness caused by a parasite, either Babesia microti, B. duncani, B. divergens, MO-1. It is sometimes fatal in the elderly or those with no spleen. Babesiosis may be more severe in patients with co-existing Lyme disease. Symptoms include: fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle pain, sweats and anemia. Tests for Babesiosis: blood smears, IFA (IgG […]
A study by Mikhail et al in Open Forum Infectious Diseases, Feb. 2021, from 2006 to 2017 showed 19,469 beneficiaries had babesiosis recorded, a substantial increase. The highest states by rates were Massachusetts (62), Rhode Island (61), Connecticut (51), New York (30), and New Jersey (19). States previously considered nonendemic saw increases: New Hampshire, Maine, […]
Ticks have been shown to carry Bartonella, although currently, CDC indicates there is no causal evidence that ticks can transmit Bartonella through a tick bite. There is a paper of a case which does show potential for tick transmission in a canine, although a case cannot prove causation. Many doctors who treat Lyme disease see Bartonella […]
Ohio State University researchers have just published on their creation of nanobodies which target the protein that causes E. chaffeensis bacteria to be extremely infectious. It is thought that these nanobodies can be developed as a new or complementary therapy for human monocytic ehrlichiosis as well as other tick-borne diseases that are caused by intracellular infections, infections that can be fatal if left untreated or undertreated.
Borrelia miyamotoi is a bacteria is in the relapsing fever group of Borrelia. Although it’s not closely related to the Lyme disease bacteria, it can cause a Lyme-like-illness. Symptoms include fever, headaches, muscle aches and chills, rash uncommon. Diagnosis is by PCR testing that is now available at several labs. Treatment is doxycycline. Borrelia miyamotoi was identified […]
Bourbon Virus Five cases of the Bourbon virus, a thogotovirus, have been confirmed since it was first discovered in Bourbon County, Kansas, in 2014, and cases have since been found in Oklahoma and Missouri. Transmission: The premise of Amblyomma americanum (lone star tick) as vector is supported. Symptoms: Fever, headache, tiredness, rash, other body aches, […]
According to the Tulane news, a three-year, $4.8 million initiative funded by The Steven and Alexandra Cohen Foundation, will establish the Bartonella Research Consortium with the goal of developing a novel treatment for bartonellosis. There are over 40 known Bartonella species/subspecies and at least 17 of these species/subspecies have been associated with a spectrum of debilitating […]