2006 Annual Scientific Conference: Seeking Answers through Science



LDA & Columbia University 7th Annual Scientific Conference


Lyme & Other Tick-Borne Diseases: Seeking Answers through Science

Held on October 20, 2006
Crowne Plaza

Philadelphia, PA

View Brochure: List of Speakers, Agenda, Program Accreditation and Miscellaneous

View Video Clips
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2006 LDA/Columbia Medical Conference – Video Clips

Links below are video clips are from the “Lyme & Other Tick-Borne Diseases: Seeking Answers Through Science 2006,” held in Philadelphia. PA

Download Free Real Player by clicking here.

Emerging Infections: Universal Biosensor Detection – David Ecker, Ph.D.
Beyond PCR to Whole Genome Amplification – Roger Lasken, Ph.D.
B-Lactam Antibiotics Offer Neuroprotection by Increasing Glutamate Transporter Expression – Jeffery D. Rothstein, MD, Ph.D.
Laboratory Diagnosis of Lyme Disease in Europe – Elisabeth Aberer, MD
Babesia microti Causes Down Regulation of Cytokines and Increased Severity of Lyme Arthritis – Manuel Moro, DVM, MPH, Ph.D.
Tissue Response to Chronic Borrelia Infection – Diego Cadavid, MD
Medical Hypothesis: Links Between Bb and Dementia – Alan MacDonald, MD
Cyst and L Forms in Dermatological Lyme amd Persistance – Elisabeth Aberer, MD
Cyst Forms and Antimicrobial Efficacy – Oystein Brorson, MD
Looking Beyond Lyme: Differential Diagnosis – Ernest Visconti, MD
Uses and Abuses of Neuroimaging in Lyme Disease – Brian A. Fallon, MD, MPH

Like what you saw? A full set of (2) DVD’s of the conference including these clips and Q & A and any discussion are available for sale.  NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE

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2006 Lyme & Other Tick-Borne Diseses: Seeking Answers Through Science Confernce

Philadelphia 2006 LDA/Columbia University Lyme & Other Tick-Borne Diseases: Seeking Answers through Science Conference


$49 for 2 DVD set, plus compendium Hard to find discussions about the elusive Borrelia burgdorferi cyst forms by world renowned researchers including Øystein Brorson, MD, and the possible links between Lyme disease & dementia by Alan MacDonald, MD. Also Jeffrey D. Rothstein, MD, Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University discusses new discoveries about antibiotics: “β-Lactam Antibodies Offer Neuroprotection by Increasing Glutamate Transporter Expression.” Other Speakers: David Ecker, Ph.D. – “Emerging Infections: Universal Biosensor Detection” Roger Lasken, Ph.D. – “Beyond PCR to Whole Genome Amplification” Keith Clay, Ph.D. – “Microbial Diversity within Ticks” Elisabeth Aberer, MD – “Laboratory Diagnosis of Lyme Disease in Europe ” Manuel Moro, DVM, MPH, Ph.D. – “Babesia microti Causes Down Regulation of Cytokines and Increased Severity of Lyme Arthritis” Daniel Cameron, MD, MPH – “Designing Research in the Clinical Setting” Diego Cadavid, MD – “Tissue Response to Chronic Borrelia Infection” Elisabeth Aberer, MD – “Cyst and L Forms in Dermatological Lyme and Persistence” Øystein Brorson, MD – “Cyst Forms and Antimicrobial Efficacy” Ernest Visconti, MD – “Looking Beyond Lyme: Differential Diagnosis” Brian A. Fallon, MD, MPH – “Uses and Abuses of Neuroimaging in Lyme Disease” Also, Pat Smith, LDA President, Lyme Disease: National Overview


How to Donate

About Donations

The LDA is an all-volunteer national non-profit 501(c)(3) organization that has raised millions of  dollars for Lyme disease research, prevention, education and patient support. The LDA has funded research projects from coast to coast and has had 53 of its funded projects published in peer-reviewed literature and has provided 20 continuing medical conferences on tick-borne diseases for physicians and scientists and hundreds of public and schools educational events. LDA’s LymeAid 4 Kids has awarded ~$400,000 toward children getting diagnosed and treated. LDA offers Lyme and tick-borne diseases brochures orderable online for cost of mailings of downloadable for free. LDA now offers a downloadable LymeR Primer brochure in Spanish for free. You can donate to LDA via online, by sending in a check/money order or through the Combined Federal Campaign (if federal employee). All donations are tax deductible to the extent allowed by law.

Online Donations  

2014 Donate Ribbon LDA  Make an online donation through paypal / credit card 

Mail-In Donations 

DonationEnvelope   Click here for a printable donation form

Tax Deductible Donations Can be Mailed here:

Lyme Disease Association, Inc.
PO Box 1438
Jackson, NJ 08527

Federal Employee Workplace Donation

CFC Logo LDAThe LDA has been designated as a national charity included in the 2020 Combined Federal Campaign (CFC) Charity List. CFC is part of the Office of Personnel Management (OPM). Each year, federal employees are provided with lists of approved charities for their workplace giving through the CFC. The LDA has met the requirements and been a part of CFC for 15 years running. LDA’s administrative and fundraising costs were determined to be only 2.7% for 2019, meaning 97.3% went directly to programs.

The LDA’s CFC 2019 identification for donors is #11424, and the Lyme Disease Association, Inc. will appear in the listing of National/International Independent Organizations, which is published in each local campaign charity list. See your federal employer for details. Check the CFC website at: http://www.opm.gov/cfc/ for details about the Combined Federal Campaign.

Thanks to all those volunteers who have helped with our programs nationwide, and a special thanks to those who have been contributing through their federal workplace CFC to the Lyme Disease Association, Inc..



About Lyme Disease Symptoms

Lyme Disease Symptoms & Signs

Lyme disease symptoms can affect any system in the body and can mimic symptoms of many different diseases.

Lyme disease symptoms

Lyme Disease Symptoms Compiled by the LDA

As listed in the LDA LymeR Primer Available for online ordering

As listed in the LDA Spanish LymeR Primer Available for Downloading

Click dropdown arrows for symptoms

Lyme Disease Symptoms Compiled by the LDA

As listed in the LDA LymeR Primer Available for online ordering

As listed in the LDA Spanish LymeR Primer Available for Downloading

Click dropdown arrows for symptoms

Lyme disease symptoms
Lyme disease symptoms


  • Click for Symptoms

    chest pain or rib soreness, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, pulse skips, heart block, heart murmur

Lyme disease symptoms

Lyme Rash

  • Click for Info

    Only about 9% get the classic bull’s eye rash. Others may get another type of Erythema Migrans (EM) rash or may get no rash at all. Rash at other than bite site may be disseminated disease. Symptoms may occur days or months after a tick bite.
    According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) surveillance criteria, an erythema migrans (EM) rash in an endemic area, means Lyme disease. In a non-endemic area, a rash requires a positive test. The CDC criteria are for surveillance purposes, not diagnosis.



  • Click for Symptoms

    nausea or vomiting, GERD, change in bowel function (constipation, diarrhea), gastritis, abdominal cramping, cystitis, irritable bladder or bladder dysfunction, newly diagnosed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) 



  • Click for Symptoms

    joint/muscle pain in feet, ankle pain, shin splints, joint pain or swelling, stiffness of the joints, neck or back, muscle pain or cramps that migrate, Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ/TMJD jaw pain), neck creaks & cracks, neck stiffness.

Lyme disease symptoms


  • Click for Symptoms

    muscle twitching, headache, tingling, numbness, burning or stabbing sensations, facial paralysis (Bell’s palsy), dizziness, poor balance, increased motion sickness, light-headedness, wooziness, difficulty walking, tremor, confusion, difficulty thinking/concentrating/ reading, forgetfulness, poor short-term memory, disorientation (getting lost, going to wrong place), difficulty with speech, double or blurry vision, eye pain, blindness, increased floaters, increased sensitivity to light or sound, buzzing or ringing in ears, ear pain, decreased hearing, seizure activity, white matter lesions, low blood pressure.



  • Click for Symptoms

    mood swings, violent outbursts, irritability, depression, disturbed sleep (too much, too little, early awakening), personality changes, obsessive – compulsive disorder (OCD), paranoia, panic/anxiety attacks, hallucinations.



  • Click for Symptoms

    testicular pain/pelvic pain, menstrual irregularity, milk production (lactation), sexual dysfunction or loss of libido.

Lyme disease symptoms

Other Symptoms

  • Click for Symptoms

    fever, sweats, or chills, weight change (loss or gain), fatigue, tiredness, hair loss, swollen glands, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, swelling around the eyes, burning in feet, swelling

Lyme Transmission

Lyme Transmission

  • Click for Info

    Not all patients recall a tick bite. Studies vary as to how long the tick must be attached in order to transmit Lyme disease. The longer an infected tick is attached, the greater the chance of contracting Lyme disease. Lyme can be transmitted through the placenta.

Lyme disease symptomsLyme from Borrelia mayonii
Another strain of Borrelia that causes Lyme

Early symptoms: fever, headaches, rash, neck pain Later: arthritis. Difference from Borrelia burgdorferi may include nausea & vomiting, diffuse rashes, higher concentration of bacteria in blood

Symptoms reviewed by Elizabeth Maloney, MD; President, Partnership for Tick-Borne Diseases Education

Other Tick-Borne Diseases & Conditions:

Patients may also contract other tick-borne diseases (co-infections) from a tick bite along with Lyme disease.

Visit LDA website Other Tick-Borne Diseases page

Other Resources for Lyme Disease Symptoms:

Columbia Lyme Rash Poster

Dr. Joseph Burrascano’s 2005 Lyme Disease Symptom List Chart

En Espanol Enfermedad De Lyme”  Spanish Patient Intake, Printable PDF

LDA Cardiac (Heart) Poster

LDA Lyme Disease Medical Photos  Including Rashes

LDA LymeLiteracy  LDA President’s Blog

LDA “LymeR Primer™” Detailed LDA Printable Brochure

En Española – “LymeR Primer™”  Folleto de Sensibilización

ILADS Treatment Guidelines International Lyme & Associated Diseases Society

Columbia Lyme & Tick-Borne Diseases Research Center – Treatment Page Columbia University, Irving Medical Center

© LDA. 2015, 2016, 2020. This website provides practical and useful information on the subject matters covered. It is distributed with the understanding that LDA is not engaged in rendering medical or other professional services. Seek professional services if necessary.









Lyme Disease Treatment Guidelines

Doctors discussing patient treatment

Clinical practice treatment guidelines are often used as reference by physicians for Lyme disease treatment and treatment of other tick-borne diseases. The LDA provides some links here for informational purposes only, as LDA does not make specific treatment recommendations. 

The only Lyme disease treatment guidelines that that were posted on the National Guidelines Clearinghouse (NGC), under the auspices of the US Department of Health & Human Services, are those adhering to newly revised National Academy of Medicine (NAM), formerly the Institute of Medicine (IOM), standards for guidelines: the International Lyme & Associated Diseases Society (ILADS) Lyme Guidelines, which address usefulness of antibiotic prophylaxis for tick bite, effectiveness of EM treatment, and antibiotics’ role in treatment of persistent Lyme disease symptoms. Note: Funding to support AHRQ’s NGC contract ended on July 16, 2018. View update here.

You can also checkout our handy infographic for treatment guidelines.

ILADS Guidelines for the Management of Lyme Disease

ILADS press release on the new guidelines

You can also review Chronic Lyme Disease: An Evidence-Based Definition by the ILADS Working Group 

Other Lyme treatment guidelines of note are those developed by one of the most recognized pioneers in Lyme treatment, Dr. Joseph Burrascano, now retired as a treating physician.

Link: Burrascano Diagnostic Hints & Guidelines* (16th edition, 10/2008)

Primary care physicians and other healthcare providers seeking continuing medical education (CME) credits for Lyme disease diagnosis and treatment can now approach the non-profit Partnership for Tick-Borne Diseases Education (PTDE) led by Elizabeth Maloney, MD, a physician with longstanding experience in speaking about tick-borne diseases, organizing Lyme disease conferences, and co-authoring treatment guidelines on Lyme and other tick-borne diseases.

Partnership for Tick-Borne Diseases Education, CME for Doctors

*In order to download this file, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or greater. Please feel free to download the latest version for FREE. 

How CDC Surveillance Criteria Impact Lyme Treatment
The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) has a case definition for Lyme disease which is developed by the Council of State & Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE). This definition is meant to be used for surveillance purposes only, not for diagnosis. Surveillance is the collection, analysis and interpretation  of data for public health, e.g., comparing case numbers in different states: In 2015, PA is number one in Lyme case numbers, NJ is number two, etc. Below, is the current case definition used for surveillance.
Depending upon what state you live in, surveillance reporting of cases might be mandatory.  Some states require doctors to report cases that meet this surveillance criteria to the State, and some also require laboratories to report these Lyme cases or maybe only labs who do electronic reporting.
Doctors are not supposed to use the surveillance criteria to diagnose so Lyme treatment should not be based on surveillance criteria. Insurance companies should not base their payment on surveillance criteria.
Click here: Lyme Disease | 2017 Case Definition

DISCLAIMER: The LDA is not a medical organization. The LDA does not make specific recommendations for treatment. Whenever medical advice is needed, the services of a qualified medical provider should be sought. The guidelines on the web sites above are the products of the guidelines’ authors who are solely responsible for their content.

Order LDA Brochures

The Lyme Disease Association provides the following brochures: LymeR PrimerTM, TickmarksTM, The ABC’s of Lyme DiseaseTM. Any combination of free brochures can be ordered in quantities from one (1) to 200 maximum order. Sorry we cannot honor larger orders and no out of country orders. ($10 Shipping & Handling)

The Lyme Disease Association provides the following brochures:

CombinedFronts 2013 BorderSm

LymeR PrimerTM (pdf) Awareness Brochure: symptoms, tests, tick identification, diseases ticks carry, prevention, tick removal, tick testing, general facts and symptoms about Lyme and many tick-borne diseases.

En Española – LymeR PrimerTM (pdf) Folleto de Sensibilización
Disponible solo para descargar. No hay copias impresas disponibles.

TickmarksTM – Bookmarks (pdf) Awareness Bookmark: pictures of ticks, diseases they carry, proper tick removal.

ABC’s of Lyme DiseaseTM (pdf) Brochure For Parents & Educators: specialized information on children in areas of ophthalmology, psychotherapy, neuropsychiatry, gastroenterology, pediatrics, rheumatology, co-infections, education.

TickCardTM (pdf) Business Sized Awareness Card pictures of ticks, diseases they carry, symptoms and tick removal


Order Limit –

Any combination of free brochures can be ordered in quantities from one (1) to 200 maximum order. Sorry we cannot honor larger orders and no out of country orders.

(TickmarksTM are no longer available for order. PDF can still be downloaded & printed)

For Example:

  • 100 LymeR PrimerTM & 100 The ABC’s of Lyme DiseaseTM = 200 brochures OR
  • 75 LymeR PrimerTM, 75 The ABC’s of Lyme DiseaseTM, 50 TickCardsTM = 200 brochures

Please email brochures@LymeDiseaseAssociation.org with any questions or problems regarding your order.

Order Online –


  • No out of country orders
  • Brochures only available via online order form (mail-in and phone requests not accepted)
  • Allow 4 weeks for delivery
  • Unfortunately due to recent postal changes, our shipping rates have increased & we now have to charge $10 per order.
  • Sorry, we do not invoice.

Sponsorship Opportunities for Brochures

IGeneX, Inc. IGeneX, Inc

Reference Labs
Palo Alto, CA

Clongen 2013 Clonogen Laboratories, LLC

Gaithersburg, MD

Rynoskin-logo Rynoskin

Protection Clothing
Midwest City, OK

galaxy diagnostics lyme bartonella testing Galaxy Diagnostics

Morrisville, NC

CTtickControl Connecticut Tick Control

Norwalk, CT

Tick Box Technology Corporation tick control Tick Box Technology Corporation


sawyer outdoor protection from ticks Sawyer Products, Inc.

Safety Harbor, FL

NJLab 2013 New Jersey Laboratories

New Brunswick, NJ

Note: LDA does not endorse products or services.

LDA Board of Directors Bios

Patricia V. Smith, BA2012 PatHeadShotSm2

Patricia V. Smith, a Monmouth University graduate, is in her 23rd year as President of the all-volunteer run national non-profit Lyme Disease Association (LDA) and is a 2nd term public  member of the HHS Tick-Borne Disease Working Group in Washington, DC, where she co-chairs the “Training & Education, Patient Access to Care” Subcommittee and is a member of the Inventory Subcommittee. She is a  member of Columbia University’s Lyme & Tick-Borne Diseases Research Center Advisory Committee, member of the Food & Drug Administration’s (FDA) PESP Partnership to promote avoidance of tick exposure.  She was appointed in 2016 as a member of the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) Tick-Borne Disease Research Program (TBDRP) as a member of the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program Programmatic Panel where she served 4 years. She has twice testified before Congressional committees in Washington on Lyme disease.

Ms. Smith is also former Chair, (NJ) Governor’s Lyme Disease Advisory Council. She was EPA’s PESP 2011 Lyme prevention conference session co-chair with CDC. In 2011 she presented a Lyme session to the New Jersey Education Association’s Annual Meeting. She is a member & former officer of ILADS, International Lyme & Associated Diseases Society, a professional medical and research organization.  She was a member of the on-line journal Contagion Infectious Disease Today Chronic Lyme Expert Panel on video.

Ms. Smith is former President/12-year member of the Wall NJ Board of Education where she earned state board member-certified status. She is a former officer of Monmouth County School Boards Assn. and was a member of the Federal Relations Network for New Jersey School Boards Association/National School Boards Assn.

During her LDA presidency, Ms. Smith has led the effort to raise funds for researchers nationally, with 119 research grants awarded ─ research acknowledged in 53 scientific journals. She has organized 20 continuing medical education (CME) accredited Lyme scientific conferences for doctors and researchers with international faculty, held in different areas of the US, most jointly sponsored by Columbia University, the 20th in Philadelphia in September 2019. She has spoken at many conferences on Lyme including those presented by the University of New Haven (CT), the California Lyme Disease Association (now LymeDisease.org), Midcoast Maine Lyme Education and Support, Colorado Tick-Borne Awareness Association, Lyme Connections, Lyme Society, Inc., and International Lyme & Associated Diseases Society, ILADS. She has been a speaker at hundreds of public, school, business, & government events.

Ms. Smith led the LDA in its effort with a partner organization, to endow the Columbia Lyme & Tick-Borne Diseases Research Center in New York, which opened in 2007. She developed the ABCs of Lyme Disease pamphlet for parents and educators (updated in 2019) and co-authored an article in it,  and she also developed the LymeR Primer brochure now featuring 20 tick-borne diseases, the Tick Mark bookmark, and helped design LDA Tick Awareness cards. More than 2.5 million education items have been distributed.

Ms. Smith has testified for and secured passage of state and federal bills for Lyme research and physician’s right to treat. She has been invited to state capitals in CT, MA, MD, MN, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, to present oral testimony and education on Lyme and has provided written testimony in many others. Based on her written testimony, LDA was included in ground breaking Maine legislation as a website resource on Lyme disease on Maine’s DPH website. She was invited to testify on two occasions before the NY Assembly Health Care Committee and also before the Rhode Island (Governor’s) Lyme Disease Advisory Commission and has spoken before the California Lyme Disease Advisory Council. Over time, she has personally met with many State Health Commissioners and with Governors in NH, RI CT on Lyme issues and with then Governor Pataki’s office on many occasions along with several NY state legislators. She has also presented before the Pennsylvania House of Representatives Majority Policy Committee and was an invited speaker for Lyme forums hosted by a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and the Majority Caucus Administrator for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and the Minnesota State Senate Health Committee.

She has twice been invited to present to CDC Vector-Borne Diseases Division, Ft. Collins (2007, 2013); met with then CDC Director Dr. Julie Gerberding/5 Congressmen in DC; organized & led a team that met with HHS Asst. Sec. of Health with CDC/NIH officials teleconferenced in; met with military leaders in DC; and briefed the Senate HELP Committee Members and House Subcommittee on Health. She met several times with US Army CHPPM/Public Health Command at Aberdeen Proving Grounds. She met in DC with the NIH Program Director and research coordinator and presented educational PowerPoints on Lyme to employees at the Environmental Protection Agency (2008, 2014), to the Dept. of Energy, and to Homeland Security in 2014. In 2014, she helped develop language for a federal bill on Lyme and led the nationwide effort which successfully passed the bill through the House. Ms. Smith spoke at a number of press conferences  with Senator Charles (Chuck) Schumer (NY)–now Senate Minority Leader–including one in 2014 on the doxycycline shortage for Lyme patients. In 2012, she testified before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Africa, Global Health & Human Rights Subcommittee on issues affecting Lyme patients. In 2013, she testified before the House Energy & Commerce Health Subcommittee on HR 610 to establish a federal Lyme & Tick-Borne Diseases Advisory Committee. She co-authored an article which was read into the Congressional Record on Lyme disease research priorities from the patient perspective. In 2015, she spoke at the American Association for the Advancement of Science in DC on patient research priorities. In 2016, she spoke before the Women in Government’s annual conference. In 2016, she led the negotiations with House leadership for the Lyme language subsequently passed in the 21st Century Cures Act which creates a federal working group on tick-borne diseases with patient and advocates reps at the same table as government officials.

Chosen Jackson NJ’s Chamber of Commerce 2008 Woman of the Year, she has also received commendation from the NJ legislature, a Special Congressional Recognition certificate from RI Cong. Langevin, and had a flag flown over the US Capitol by request of NJ Cong. Chris Smith in honor of her Lyme work. Ms. Smith helped to organize and presented at educational forums held by 3 congressmen (Langevin, Pitts, C. Smith). She has received awards from Dr. Brian Fallon, Columbia, from various Lyme groups, and was given the Courage in Advocacy Award in 2015 from Connecticut based Lyme Connection and Focus on Lyme Excellence in Advocacy (AZ) award in 2017.

Other activities include providing input into a NJ law requiring teacher education for staff who teach students with Lyme disease, performing school in-services for educators on Lyme disease, and working with parents of students who are classified due to Lyme disease. Working with author Amy Tan, she created LDA’s LymeAid 4 Kids, a fund for children with no health coverage for Lyme, a fund that has awarded $383,000 for uninsured children to date. Click for Publications

Richard H. Smith, BAHS RichSmith
Executive Vice President, Treasurer

Richard has a BA from Rutgers University. After being honorably discharged from the US Army (Army Security Agency), he worked for New Jersey American Water Company for 38 years. He also served as the president of the local utility union for several years. He is past president of his local homeowners association and has served on the LDA Board of Directors for 7 years.


HS Corey2Corey Lakin, AB
2nd Vice President, Technical Support, LDA

Corey Lakin, graduated from the University of Chicago with an AB in Geophysical Science. He was a scientist with the New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection (Ret.). Corey has been an LDA Board of Directors member for 20 years and currently serves as LDA’s second vice president for technology. He is responsible for the audio visual portion of the LDA’s scientific conferences.


Ruth Waddington, RN HS Ruth
Corresponding Secretary, LDA

Ruth graduated from Ocean County College with an associates in applied science degree, AAS, and passed the Nursing Boards to become an RN. She is currently employed as a nurse in a large OB/GYN group practice. She was formerly office manager & nurse for an internal medicine/geriatric medical office 31 years until the practice closed. She was also a nurse in a pediatric office and worked at Monmouth Medical Center in Long Branch, New Jersey, in labor & delivery and in post op surgery and neurosurgery. She is currently employed at a Family Medicine practice. Ruth has been an LDA Board of Directors members for 18 years and has served as its Corresponding Secretary for that time.

HS JeannineJeannine Phillips, BA
Recording Secretary

Jeannine completed her BA in chemistry and has post graduate work in chemistry, physics, marine and environmental sciences. She has been awarded numerous grants for environmental and water studies. Her career has spanned organic chemistry custom syntheses, analytical chemistry such as pollution, food, water quality and pharmaceutical analyses, as well as trace metal analysis of Atlantic fish stock. Jeannine has performed process validation studies and research for the pharmaceutical industry. Volunteer service includes former vice chair of local environmental commission and officer of local watershed association. Currently, she chairs LymeQuest Support Group & Advocacy Project. She has been a LDA Board of Directors member Board member for 17 years and currently serves as Recording Secretary. She has received the Woman of Distinction Award, (Mayor and Town Council, 2003) and Outstanding Citizen Volunteer (Mayor and Town Council Award, 2011).

TimBioPicTimothy (Tim) Lynagh, MBA
Member, LDA Board of Directors

Tim received an MBA degree from George Washington University in Washington, DC, and held several analytical positions within the Federal government. At the Department of Labor, Tim was as an Economist in the Bureau of Labor Statistics and a Loss Prevention Analyst/Operational Auditor in the Office of Inspector General. He helped set up an Information Resources Management Review Program in the General Services Administration, working closely with OMB to design the program. Tim wrote a significant portion of the guidance for Federal agencies to follow in establishing and operating an IRM Review Program.

Tim worked for fifteen years in DHHS, first as a team leader in helping to oversee HHS’ operating divisions’ activities relating to information technology, including planning and procurement. Tim was a Supervisory Analyst in FDA’s Office of Legislation, serving as a one-person team as the liaison for the Center for Veterinary Medicine, and later working for the CFSAN-CVM team, handling dietary supplements as well as CVM issues. Tim was the principal liaison to Congress for a number of cross-cutting issues, including antimicrobial resistance and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Tim worked closely with CVM in developing animal feed regulations to control the possible spread of BSE, and also was the liaison to Congress in developing and passing animal drug user fee legislation, as well as legislation for Minor Use, Minor Species drug approvals.

After serving a Brookings fellowship on Capitol Hill, Tim returned to the Hill to work as Deputy Chief of Staff and Legislative Director for Congressman Chris Smith (NJ). Congressman Smith did and does chair House caucuses on Alzheimer’s disease, autism, Lyme disease, and numerous international affairs caucuses, as well as chairing the foreign affairs subcommittee with jurisdiction for global health. Tim had the staff lead in successfully moving Congressman Smith’s autism legislation and getting autism placed in the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program. Tim also helped to develop several bills for Congressman Smith to try to improve the seriously impaired environment for making progress in the ability to manage Lyme and other tick-borne diseases. Since leaving Capitol Hill, he works part-time for the Franciscan Foundation for the Holy Land and helped the Lyme Disease Association.  He has served on the LDA Board of Directors for 3 years.

Tick Photos | What do Deer Ticks & Other Ticks Look Like?

TICK VECTORS (For more information about ticks click here)

These tick photos may help you to identify the different species of ticks and what they look like at various life stages. Some tick photos include objects to help you compare their size to the actual size of the ticks.

There are a number of ticks in the United States that can carry and/or transmit many diseases which people and their pets may get from a tickbite. Often, one tickbite can transmit several different diseases. The ticks most often talked about are the Ixodes scapularis, commonly known as the deer tick or blacklegged tick, and its western cousin, Ixodes pacificus, the western blacklegged tick. Both of these ticks transmit Lyme disease.

Various tick photos below are from LDA’s LymeR Primer  –  Available for online ordering


Latin Name (Common Name): Diseases they can transmit

Click photos for more descriptions

Deer Ticks. (L) Nymph, adult male, adult female compared to three sesame seeds. Photo: James Occi, (PhD cand.) LDA Scientific & Professional Advisory Board Ixodes scapularis
(deer tick or black legged tick)

Found in Northeast & Upper Midwest

Lyme (B. burgdorferi, B. mayonii), Borrelia miyamotoi, babesiosis, anaplasmosis, Powassan encephalitis, tick paralysis, tularemia, bartonellosis, ehrlichiosis (due to Ehrlichia muris-like).

Ixodes scapularis have been shown to carry Ehrlichiosis (HME), but to date, transmission is still in question

Deer Ticks. (L) Nymph, adult male, adult female compared to three sesame seeds. Photo: James Occi, (PhD cand.) LDA Scientific Amblyomma americanum (lone star tick)

Found throughout the Eastern part of United States

Human monocytic ehrlichiosis, Heartland (Phlebovirus), STARI (Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness), tularemia, tick paralysis, Q fever, bite may cause alpha-gal (meat) allergy

American Dog Tick. Unengorged female (and male) alongside a gravid (mated and replete) female that is ovipositing (laying eggs). Photo Credit: James Occi, (PhD cand.) LDA Scientific & Professional Advisory Board Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)

Found throughout the United States

Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia, tick paralysis.

Although a small percentage of dog ticks carry the Lyme bacterium, (Borrelia burgdorferi) transmission has not been proven.

Rocky Mountain wood tick. Female and Male. Photo credit: James Gathany-CDC/Dr. Christopher Paddock. Dermacentor andersoni
(Rocky Mountain wood tick)

Found in Rocky Mountain States & SW Canada

Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia, Colorado tick fever, tick paralysis, Q fever.

Looks similar to American dog tick.

Western Blacklegged Ticks. (L) Larva, nymph, adult male, adult female western. Photo: Robert Lane, PhD Ixodes pacificus
(western black legged tick)

Found in Western N. America

Lyme, babesiosis, anaplasmosis (aka human granulocytic ehrlichiosis), bartonellosis.

Ixodes pacificus has been shown to carry ehrlichiosis (HME), but to date, transmission is still in question.

Gulf Coast ticks. Engorged female, adult female, adult male. Photo: James Occi, (PhD cand.) LDA Scientific & Professional Advisory Board Amblyomma maculatum
(Gulf Coast tick)

Found in Eastern & Southern U.S., esp. along coast

Rickettsia parkeri Rickettsiosis

Note symptoms: fever, headache, eschar(s), variable rash

Pacific Coast Tick. Photo: Ervic Aquino, CA Dept. Public Health Dermacentor occidentalis (Pacific Coast tick)

Found in Northern CA & Pacific Coast


Rickettsia phillipi (364D).

Note symptoms: fever, eschar(s).



See More in

Photo Gallery






Select TCS Tick Control System, formerly The Maxforce: EPA Registered

Controlling ticks on property is something that government entities and the general public can do to help stop the spread of Lyme and tick-borne diseases. Now we have a device backed by scientific studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. The device has been around a long time under a different name and has now been registered with EPA under a new name. 

Select TCS Tick Control System, formerly The Maxforce Tick Management System, is now EPA registered by Tick Box Technology Corporation based in Norwalk, CT. The owners of the company have tick control companies in five states.

The TCS kills ticks during larval and nymph stages when they are contracting the Lyme bacteria and other tick-borne disease organisms from small rodents such as mice and chipmunks, interrupting the transmission of tick-borne diseases. Pesticide safety is always a concern to homeowners, and this system minimizes that usage.

The Select Tick Control System is now registered and available in Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, New York, Delaware, Maryland, Tennessee, Arizona, Iowa, Kansas , Virginia and New Hampshire. Other states may soon register the device. Go to www.TICKBOXTCS.COM for more information.

NOTE: LDA does not endorse products nor is it affiliated with Tick Box Technology Corporation.