Heartland Virus

Heartland Phlebovirus

Discovered in humans in 2009 in the state of Montana.
Found to date also in Texas and Oklahoma.

Transmitted by lone star tick.  Caused by Phlebovirus.

Symptoms: Fever, Leucopenia (decrease in the number of total white blood cells count), Thrombocytopenia (low platelet).

Testing: viral RNA by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction on blood or tissue
or 2) a ≥4-fold rise in virus-specific plaque reduction neutralization antibody titers between acute and convalescent serum specimens.

Treatment: None, 10 cases, 2 deaths to date (9/14)*d Virus

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