Babesiosis is a Malaria-like illness caused by a parasite, Babesia microti, B. duncani, B. divergens, MO-1.
It is sometimes fatal in the elderly or those with no spleen.
Babesiosis may be more severe in patients with co-existing Lyme.
Symptoms include: fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle pain, sweats and anemia.
Treatment is often atovaquone with azithromycin or clindamycin and oral quinine. Treatments vary, examples provided as information only.
Ticks that transmit Babesiosis include; Ixodes Scapularis (also called black legged tick or deer tick) and Ixodes Pacificus (western black legged tick) both of which also transmit Lyme disease. Multiple infections may be transmitted from the bite of the same tick.
Babesiosis has also been transmitted in humans through blood transfusions.
Tests for Babesiosis: blood smears, IFA (IgG & IgM), FISH (Flourescent in-situ Hybridization) and PCR may be ordered.*
* These tests were developed & performance characteristics determined by independent labs. They have not been cleared or approved by the FDA; however, the FDA has determined such clearance is not necessary. They are designd for clinical purposes and should not be regarded as investigational or for research.
©LDA. Information updated, 11-27-2013.